Usachev V. A., Shvager O.D.

Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade named after Mikhailo Tugan-Baranovsky

INNOVATION IN LOGISTICS: HIGH-TECH CARGO

At the present time, commercial relationships are formed under conditions of high competition, uncertainty and volatility of the market environment. In order to achieve success in business it requires the use of modern high-performance methods and stream management processes. Logistics is the most advanced scientific and applied research in this field.

Logistics is part of the economic science and the area of activity, the object of which lies in the organization and regulation of the processes of goods from producers to consumers, the functioning of the sphere of circulation of products, goods, services, inventory management, creation of the infrastructure of the movement of goods.

As logistics solves many tasks, such as: choice of the type of the vehicle; definition of the routes; organization of cargo transportation; packaging of goods in containers; inventory management; responsible storage at the warehouse areas; marking; the formation of national teams of orders; customs services and another.

Logistics is efficient management of tangible, information and financial flows with the optimal costs of all the resources for the complete customers requirements.

Currently, the most perspective directions of the logistics activities are following:

- development of a contract, project logistics, formation of strategy and tactics of logistics corporate services;

- rendering of specialized logistics services, such as: the development of fresh - logistics, cold logistics, automobile logistics, agricultural logistics, pharmaceutical, logistics, etc.;

- formation of an integrated logistics support of the product life cycle, which is especially important for high-tech products and products with short life cycles, such as : computers, mobile phones etc.;

- development of lean logistics, introduction of techniques of lean production and six sigma for the purpose of resource-saving and detection of the sources of resource losses in the implementation of logistics operations;

- development of green logistics because a increasing of environmental protection and protection of resources is very important trend.

Nowadays, the necessity of qualitative logistics services is increasing under conditions of international standard development. Modern conditions require an integrated approach to innovative storage and handling products.

Imports of goods and logistics are a set of complex processes, which are directly dependent on the time and money. It is unacceptable to lose neither one nor the other, so, advanced technologies are needed. Therefore, it is necessary to focus on innovative elements in the work. In the field of high technologies such innovations can be presented by:

1. Electronic declaration - the complex hardware and software that allows you to carry out customs clearance of goods and vehicles in electronic form. Communication between customs representative and customs inspector is possible in mode of real-time electronic communication channels. This can significantly speed up and simplify the process of goods production.

2. Electronic technology for remote release of goods - a technology that allows you to optimize logistics solutions, to minimize the influence of subjective factors, reduces the flow of heavy vehicles through the cities, decreases circulation of documents.

3. Cargo tracking - a unique design that allows real-time control of the passage of cargo through the nodal points in the supply chain. This electronic system allows to obtain accurate and current information about the cargo any terminal (laptop, smartphone, iPhone, etc.) at any time and, accordingly, to plan further activity.

4. Satellite monitoring. Satellite monitoring system allows you to monitor where exported goods are up to a kilometer.

Thus, these and other innovations will correctly build and coordinate all logistical processes, material, information and service flows, optimize resources, improve business processes, optimize merchandising in modern logistics.

LITERATURE

1.Raysberg B. A., Lozovskiy L. Sh., Starodubtseva E. B. Modern economic dictionary. - M.: INFRA-M,2007.

2.B. A.Anikina, T. A. Logistics. - 2-e. - Moscow: the Prospectus, 2010. - With. 406. - ISBN 978-5-392-01325-8

3.Anikin B. A.Workshop on logistics. The training manual.- Moscow: Infra-M, 2007.