EGG PRODUCTION IN KAZAKHSTAN IS

GAINING MOMENTUM

 

Aitzhanova I.N. - master of agricultural sciences., lecturer, Department of animal production technology of Kostanay State University by A. Baitursynov

 

To date, poultry farming is one of the most effective and economically viable agricultural industries, as well as one of the most precocious livestock industries, because poultry is rapid reproduction, high growth, high productivity and vitality.

Currently, poultry farming in the Republic of Kazakhstan submitted 38 operating birds farms, 26 of which are enterprises of egg direction and 12-produce broiler meat

The purpose of this work is characteristic of egg production in Kazakhstan, analyzing statistics agency, mark the most promising economy in different regions for production of egg poultry farming productivity, as well as examine egg production in Kostanay region in particular and to give comparative description.

If you examine the statistics on production of eggs in the Republic of Kazakhstan for the current year, the most promising areas for egg production and the average output of eggs per chicken-hen

 

Table 1-Indicators of egg production by all categories of farms of the Republic of Kazakhstan on 1.09.2013, thousands pieces

 

Region

Production of eggs of all species of birds, thousand pieces

The average egg output per hen, thousand pieces

Akmola

437 685,6

212

Aktobe

177 543,7

204

Almaty

878 753,4

269

Atyrau

1 856,8

60

W.Kazakhstan

137 364,4

206

Zhambyl

118 392,4

150

Karagandy

373 315,1

263

Kostanay

553 133,7

204

Kyzylorda

12 110,1

91

Mangystau

741,9

75

S.Kazakhstsn

266 216,2

202

Pavlodar

181 922,5

189

N.Kazakhstan

400 179,7

185

E.Kazakhstan

175 645,6

178

Astana city

294,2

89

Almaty city

3 298,0

160

Total on average of the RK

232403,351

17163

 

Compared with the same period last year, compared to 5% higher. From January to June the year 2012 was 129.4 million. eggs. In 2013, the figure stood at 131.6 thousand pieces, i.e. 1.7% higher. The leading position on the level of production of eggs traditionally occupy farms of Almaty region of the country in which it was received about 878753.4 thousand pieces.

Statisticians continue to observe a tendency to increase the production of this product in areas of the country. So, the monthly figures higher than last year at 10-15 million units. For example, only for the month of June in the country as a whole was 385.4 million eggs, while last year the figure was only 375.4 million pieces (table 2 and chart 1).

 

 

Figure 1-Indicators of egg production by the Republic of Kazakhstan, mln. PCs

Egg production from all the species of birds in all categories of farms of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kostanay region occupies a significant second-553133.7 thousand pieces (table 3).


able 2-Egg productivity of all bird species in all categories of producers, in million units

 

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

Republic of Kazakhstan

253,8

246,0

245,4

233,6

326,7

300,9

339,0

314,6

348,0

336,0

385,4

375,4

372,0

361,2

356,4

340,0

335,7

319,5

Akmola

36,5

33,7

37,8

32,8

38,7

40,4

42,0

41,8

47,9

48,6

50,9

45,2

50,7

45,6

46,9

41,8

45,0

39,4

Aktobe

13,0

14,6

11,9

13,2

14,9

15,5

14,4

14,7

15,3

15,8

17,0

19,6

15,4

17,1

13,4

14,8

17,1

18,1

Almaty

58,6

63,5

54,9

55,3

77,5

71,7

69,8

67,5

72,6

67,5

81,5

84,8

78,0

76,7

81,8

76,9

82,1

77,9

Atyrau

0,1

0,1

0,1

0,1

0,2

0,2

0,2

0,1

1,2

0,2

1,5

0,2

1,5

0,3

1,4

0,1

1,2

0,2

W.Kazakhstan

9,0

9,4

9,7

9,7

10,0

10,7

11,8

12,5

12,9

12,9

14,7

14,4

11,9

12,7

12,3

12,6

12,5

12,2

Zhambyl

6,0

6,7

5,8

8,6

7,9

9,5

8,4

10,3

8,3

9,9

10,8

12,1

14,0

12,8

14,2

13,0

10,6

10,0

Karagandy

42,4

33,9

40,4

34,3

45,7

34,5

45,2

36,2

47,5

39,2

46,7

40,7

48,1

42,4

47,4

41,8

46,4

39,8

Kostanay

32,9

32,8

27,6

27,6

58,3

56,0

51,4

53,9

42,9

50,7

44,7

53,8

37,6

44,4

37,4

47,5

31,9

41,8

Kyzylorda

0,2

0,4

0,3

0,5

0,4

0,7

0,5

1,0

0,7

1,1

0,7

1,2

0,8

1,0

1,0

1,0

0,9

1,0

Mangystau

0,0

0,0

0,1

0,1

0,0

0,0

0,1

0,1

0,1

0,1

0,0

0,0

0,1

0,1

0,0

0,0

0,1

0,1

S.Kazakhstan

16,9

17,8

17,2

17,7

22,1

22,4

25,0

23,5

26,3

26,9

29,6

29,6

26,1

25,9

22,5

25,7

22,0

23,3

Pavlodar

5,4

2,6

5,6

2,7

8,5

3,7

10,0

4,3

11,2

5,8

12,7

7,6

13,0

7,9

12,9

7,5

11,7

6,4

N.Kazakhstan

26,3

24,3

26,7

23,9

32,1

25,7

48,2

36,8

45,6

42,0

56,2

48,4

59,2

59,1

50,1

42,6

40,5

36,6

E.Kazakhstan

6,4

6,0

7,2

7,0

10,1

9,6

11,8

11,6

15,3

14,9

18,1

17,4

15,2

14,8

14,8

14,2

13,6

12,5

Astana city

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,1

0,1

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,1

0,0

0,0

0,1

0,0

0,0

Almaty city

0,1

0,2

0,1

0,1

0,3

0,3

0,1

0,2

0,2

0,4

0,3

0,4

0,3

0,4

0,3

0,4

0,1

0,2

 

 

 


Table 3-Egg production in Kostanay region, thousands pieces

 

 

All types of farms

The average yield on 1 layer

The eggs of all species of birds

Chicken eggs

09.2013

09.2012

%

09.2013

09.2012%

09.2013

09.2012

%

Kostanay region

553 133,7

112,5

221034,3

93,6

86

95,6

Aitynsarin

9 568,4

85,6

1 802,8

43,0

65

97,0

Amangeldy

4 138,6

100,2

1 464,8

101,0

59

93,7

Auliekol

19 494,4

100,1

7 968,9

95,6

68

101,5

Denisov

12 327,2

100,5

6 249,6

96,0

65

100,0

Zhangeldy

1 667,9

102,2

850,0

94,3

65

95,6

Zhitikara

11 850,3

100,5

4 207,7

86,1

65

97,0

Kamysty

10 983,3

100,1

3 981,5

89,6

63

98,4

Karabalyk

28 442,9

2,2

10 775,2

185,6

72

109,1

Karasu

15 214,1

100,1

6 337,8

106,7

63

95,5

Kostanay

80 107,3

87,6

30 508,1

82,9

94

98,9

Mendykara

12 768,5

103,0

4 969,2

101,8

64

95,5

Nauyrzym

2 176,8

108,1

1 217,0

100,7

63

92,6

Sarykol

18 882,9

103,0

8 962,3

103,2

66

98,5

Taran

117 376,9

100,2

39 869,1

72,7

98

89,1

Uzynkol

24 628,3

101,8

12 343,5

100,8

66

98,5

Fedorov

21 597,0

100,4

9 306,9

103,6

64

97,0

Kostanay city

5 617,3

105,2

1 785,6

100,7

64

98,5

Arkalyk city

80 099,5

155,3

34 047,4

93,7

88

77,9

Lisakovsk city

688,0

100,0

373,0

100,3

63

98,4

Rudnyi city

75 504,1

159,0

34 013,9

123,3

128

99,2

 

In Kostanay region of the first two indicators (production of eggs of all species of birds, the production of chicken eggs) took-Taran district and is, respectively, 117376.9 and 39869.1 thousand pieces. eggs, up to 100.2% and 72.7% compared to the previous year.

Contributing to this, good food, which has a positive effect on the overall condition of the body and its productivity. The optimization ration feeding birds using enzymes.

Birds farm Taranovskoe works fine food that enriches the ration feeding hens with numerous vitamins, minerals, biologically active substances, thereby increasing egg production at the highest level.

One of the largest poultry farms of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a poultry farm north of the bird.

JSC "Sever pticca" - the largest competitive enterprise that takes the leading place among the enterprises of Kostanay region and Kazakhstan

The factory uses in diets of laying hens feeding enzyme preparations of foreign production. For example, "Ajvizim", "Hostazim", "Roksazim", "Rovabio" etc. from Finland, Germany, China, etc. in summing up, one can say that Kazakhstan is not standing still, and production of all livestock and poultry not only gaining its momentum and moves only spreads.

 

Literature:

 

1. I.I. Kochish, M.G. Petrash. S.B. Smirnov Poultry. - M.: Kolos, 2004. - 407 p.

2. N.S. Niyazbekov About the State of the Republic of Kazakhstan poultry // Food and processing industry of Kazakhstan. 2010. - 5. - p. 44

3.Records of poultry farm JSC "Sever Pticca"