Vladislav Gots

Kyiv national university of construction and architecture, Ukraine

Four-level mode development project information environment

Management issues of real estate development projects have received considerable attention in project management [1-6]. However, authors mainly emphasize on improvement of organizational or technical components of management systems for such projects. The methods of planning, changes management, development funding are being improved. Far less attention is given to informational support issues of development. There are considered the issues of informational support of concept development, designing, planning, finance, HR and physical resources management processes [7-9].

As the analysis of publications in sphere of development project management showed, authors do not practically consider the issues of information management systems creation for development projects. Thus, there appears the scientific challenge to create scientific-methodical basis of information management in development projects.

Under current conditions development puts a problem of forming and applying new, simple and convenient instruments of project information environment management. These instruments should allow creation of relevant project information environment, and that, in turn, should allow managing development effectively. Creation of mathematic model of optimal management elaborates scientific and methodical basis of development project information environment management and also it is the first step in formation of practical tools of effective information management in real estate development.

From a perspective of effective development project management system the project information becomes the source of analysis and all decisions making. Managing project information helps in receiving enough accurate data about the project that have a positive effect on achieving its goals. In conditions of uncertainty this aspect of management becomes an important instrument for success of the real estate development project. Proper and effective information management allows increasing efficiency of the management system functioning in development projects, and this in its turn improves the quality of product developing in the project.

However, the problem is not only in the management of information. It is much wider. Information management includes data communication management and providing needed information to all managers and specialists, but it does not include the questions of managing the procedures of project information resource forming.

Information plus procedures of its forming compose information environment of the project. Thats why there is a necessity of widening the management of information to management of information environment of projects.

In this case by information environment management we should mean selection for realization such options of information environment development, which will secure effective management of real estate development projects.

Definition1. An option of project information environment formation is a complex of incoming information and processes of its transformation from initial state to suitable for usage in processes of development project management.

Management should be considered as effective in the case if processes of information transformation form necessary for development project information actions on managers and when expenses on this transformation (including tie, money expanses and specialists work) are minimal. These requirements must be obligatory reflected in the model of management. Based on the assumption that information in real estate development projects circulates in direction from information environment to information actions on project managers it is proposed to single out four levels, which are the following:

1. Information environment; 2.Information resource; 3.Information product; 4.Information actions.

Together with this arranging of information environment it is necessary to foresee the transformation:

1. from information that comes into information environment to information resource of the project

2. from information resource to information product

3. from information product to information actions on managers of projects

 

Let us show the proposed arranging of development project information environment in matrix of elements connection in this environment.

1. Priority matrix for options of development project information resource formation:

(1)

where

priority matrix for options of development project information resource formation;

 

 

priority of option of information resource formation

 

 

quantity of options of information resource formation;

 

 

quantity of information resources

 

Definition 2. Priority of option of development project information resource formation is a number in limits from 0 to 1, which defines the preference of exactly this option of using the information environment for project information resource formation.

2. Matrix of estimation of total expenses for options of development project information resource formation:

(2)

where

Matrix of estimation of total expenses for options of development project information resource formation;

 

Estimation of total expenses for option of formation of information resource.

Definition 3. Estimation of total expenses for options of development project information resource formation is a number in limits from 0 to 1, which defines relative amount of all expenses on receiving and using for formation of exactly this resource of set option of information environment.

3.Priority matrix for options of formation of development project information product:

(3)

where

priority matrix of options of formation of development project information product;

 

priority of option of formation of information product

 

quantity if information products

Definition 4. Priority of option of formation of development project information product is a number in limits from 0 to 1, which defines preference of exactly this option of information resource for new information product creation.

4.Matrix of estimation of total expenses on options of development project information resource formation:

(4)

where

matrix of estimation of total expenses on options of development project information resource formation;

 

Estimation of total expenses on option of formation of information product .

Definition 5. Estimation of total expenses on option of formation of development project information product is a number in limits from 0 to 1, which defines relative amount of all expenses on receiving and using for formation exactly this product of set option of information resource.

5. Priority matrix of options of formation of information actions on development project managers:

(5)

where

priority matrix of options of formation of information actions on development project managers;

 

priority of option of initiation of information action ;

 

quantity of information actions

Definition 6.  Priority of option of formation of information action on development project managers is a number in limits from 0 to 1, which defines the preference of exactly this option of information product using for formation of necessary information action on managers of the project.

6. Matrix of estimation of total expenses on options of formation of information actions on development project managers:

(6)

where

matrix of estimation of total expenses on option of initiation of information action on development project managers

 

estimation of total expenses on option of formation of information action

Definition 7. Estimation of total expenses on option of formation of development project information action is a number in limits from 0 to 1, which defines the relative amount of all the expenses on receiving and using for formation exactly this action for set option of information product.

The priority of options of formation of development project information environment could be received basing on expert rating. Experts define the influence of particular information on the quality of decisions in project.

Let us consider that if priority of option is equal to 0 this mean that information represented horizontally is not being used for receiving information that is written vertically in matrix (formulas 1, 3 5).

For estimation of total expenses for realization of option of formation of development project information environment it is proposed to ration actual expenses.

 

 

 

 

 

List of references

1.       Mazar, I. I., Shapiro, V. D., Olderogge, N. G. (2004). Development Moscow, USSR.: Economics, 521.

2.       Monzees, R., Rebman, A., Masenko, A. (1994). Management of construction projects. Braunschweig (Germany), TWA, 212.

3.       Mgbere Chinvi Obara (2008). The strategy of the project management in the face of uncertainty in a project of real estate development. Abstracts of the V International Conference Project Management in the development of society. Kyiv, 129130.

4.       Nazarenko, A., Kolesnik, R. (2004). Management of real estate: Theorem or axiom? Commercial Property, 11(15), November, 2838.

5.       Rach, V., Sharova, O. (2008). Categorical apparatus of real estate development project. Project management and development of production, 2 (26), 4050.

6.       Tesla, Y. (1999). Simulation and information models in the construction management of complex energy facilities. Bulletin of CETI, 1, 8893.

7.       Merkusheva, I., Tesla, Y. (2011). Structure information interactions in systems of distributed project management. Project management and development of production, 6, 4749.

8.       Tesla, Y., Biloschytskyy, A., Tesla, N. (2010). Information technology project management based on ERPP (enterprise resources planning in project) and APE (administrated projects of the enterprise). Management of Complex Systems: collection of scientific papers .: KNUCA, 1, 1620.

9.       Lisitsyn, . (2009). How to plan development projects in crisis?. Abstracts of the Second International Scientific and Technical Conference Information Technology and modeling. Cherkasy, 21-24 May, 3638.