Економічні науки/7. Облік і аудит
PhD, Associate Professor, Manachynska Yu.
Chernivtsi Trade and Economic Institute Kiev National Trade and Economic University, Ukraine
3D-accounts at the actuarial accounting system
Actuarial accounting is a complex dynamic system. This system uses many specific methods that are not typical for traditional accounting. The reflection of each business transaction is not appropriate in the actuarial balance sheet. Therefore, we propose to reflect changes that occur in operating and financial assets, operational and financial liabilities in the process of enterprise activity in actuarial accounting.
3D actuarial accounting is a way of grouping operational and financial assets, operating and financial liabilities and capital of an enterprise, prospects for changing the performance of a three-dimensional projection based on a descriptive record method. 3D-accounts of actuarial accounting are displayed information of value terms, as in the actuarial statement of financial position (Balance sheet). We propose to open separate actuarial accounts for each article of the actuarial balance sheet.
Foreign scientists propose to reflect at the actuarial balance sheet: operating assets; operating liabilities, and in the actuarial balance sheet they are offered to record information about: financial assets; financial liabilities; equity .
Actuarial accounts (3D accounts) are designed to reflect the dynamics and prospects for the growth (reduction) of the business value of the business. We believe that for this purpose, it is necessary to calculate the net operating assets, net financial liabilities and capital. 3D-accounts are called actuarial power accounts. Taking all of this into account, we can conclude that power bills are accounts that reflect the potential business forces in the forecast period.
The traditional form of T-account («airplane») is converted into 3D-format, since it takes the form of a 3D-volumetric table. The left and right balance of the 3D-account have the traditional name: debit (from the Latin «debet» – to guilty) and credit (from the Latin «credit» – to believe), and the third part is called – excpect (from the Latin «expectandum» – to expect).
Consequently, the terms that we have listed serve to denote the sides of the 3D-account. Each of these parties shows the prospects of changing amounts for each actuarial strength account. We are the first who offer the form of 3D-accounts. The 3D-account has the form which is shown on Fig. 1.
Fig.1 The scheme of 3D-actuarial account
The form of actuarial account is offered by us and it is also the author's development. The 3D-account can display information about initial balance, turnover, and final balance. If companies use the actuarial bills they will assess the prospect of changing the economic potential.
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