Utegenov Baizak, Burambaev Arman –
1st year students of the Faculty of Law
Scientific adviser – Aigarinova Gulnar
Pollution agrochemicals in the Republic of Kazakhstan
Under the pollution agrochemicals, meaning keeping them in the air, soil and water in the quantities that exceed the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) set by the sanitary-epidemiological services. But when setting MPC agricultural chemicals in the air and climate should be considered as in regions with hot climates MPC level should be two times lower than in temperate regions. It should be the legal consolidation of the maximum allowable application rates of agrochemicals per 1 hectare depending on the agro-climatic zones, and exceeding those standards should be regarded as an offense, and in some cases even as a crime against human life and health [13, 10 pp.]. In addition to regional, municipal and district sanitary-epidemiological service should be given the right to decide to restrict or prohibit the use of agrochemicals in the territories. These measures fully meet the environmental and social needs of society at the present stage of its development.
The current ecological condition of our country instills anxiety. Air
pollution, water and soil agrochemicals, which are harmful to the human body,
flora and fauna, is very acute and important of all the other environmental
problems in Kazakhstan. And the resolution of these problems - one of the first
conditions for the sustainable development of our country in economic and
social terms. In the Republic of Kazakhstan environmental protection against
pollution agrochemicals, is an important task for the state and the nation as a
The scientific problem of the use of agrochemicals is interdisciplinary in nature. This problem affects both natural (agricultural, medical, chemical), and social (legal, economic) sciences [13, 19 pp.]. The relationship of these environmental, economic, and legal interests is reduced to the regulation and the establishment of necessary for normal life, environmental quality and the satisfaction of material needs of society.
The Environmental Protection prominently on agrochemicals contamination take legal means. Right as a regulator of social relations can provide this behavior in interaction with other controls in the community [14, 65].. It is only right to approve state action in the field of agrohimizatsii and rational use of agrochemicals, describing these activities as legitimate, which is in violation, legal liability.
The legal protection of nature, as an integral part of the overall process of environmental, should be understood as a collection of all legal measures aimed at the preservation, restoration and improvement of favorable natural conditions [15, 41]..
Hence, the legal way to protect the environment from pollution of agrochemicals is that all environmental requirements of environmental scientists to the status of law.
If the amount of agrochemicals into the environment does not exceed the
established norms, the legal concepts it will not be contaminated.
Determining pollution agrochemicals in the legal aspect takes into account some special features. Firstly, the pollution should occur because of violation of established rules and norms in the transportation, storage and use of agrochemicals, and not from natural processes and phenomena. Second, the environment must come agrochemicals in an amount that would adversely affect the natural air composition, the soil and water sources. Third, set pollution standards should be dangerous to humans, animals and plant life.
It formulated the concept of pollution agrochemicals: a pollution agrochemicals understood flow into it as a result of violations of the rules and regulations during transportation, storage and application of agrochemicals, which leads to a change in the natural composition of the water, soil and air, which has a detrimental impact on people, animals, vegetation, ecosystems and the biosphere as a whole.
Maintaining the quality of the environment and the prevention of negative consequences in the framework of the rule of law, methods of implementation and maintenance of the system for monitoring compliance with these rules and regulations is a legal entity of environmental protection pollution from agrochemicals.
Systematic monitoring of the environment, timely verification of performance established by the rules and regulations during transportation, storage and use of agricultural chemicals shall take measures in a double perspective: to prevent pollution and to bring to justice those responsible for these violations.
Environmental standards are effective only when they reflect the requirements of modern life. As for the need to ensure the effectiveness of the necessary means, scientifically based organizational work, as well as monitoring by state bodies and public organizations.
Hence, the legal protection of the environment from pollution of agrochemicals is a system of state and public measures aimed at maintaining a sustainable interaction between human activities and the environment. That ensures the preservation and restoration of natural resources, rational use of agrochemicals for agriculture, prevents direct and indirect adverse effects on the environment and human health, which is fixed in the holding of environmental legislation.
These activities are to preserve, restore and enhance natural features and the entire environment as a whole, as well as to protect present and future generations from the adverse environmental impacts. The requirements of legal norms on transport issues, storage and use of agricultural chemicals must be strictly required for legal entities and individuals. Bodies exercising state control are required to monitor the implementation of these regulations. Even minor violations in the use of agrochemicals must be to prosecute polluters.
Under current conditions, agrohimizatsii role of law is of great importance in this. And the whole environmental system should be aimed at improving the environment in the country.