Èñòîðèÿ/1. Èñòîðèÿ ãîñóäàðñòâà è ïðàâà
Syzdykova N.K., Ganyukova A.A.
The Karaganda state University named after E.A. Buketov, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan-Japanese relations at present time
This theme is urgent because Japan has wealth of experience in the field of effective use of industrial potential, innovative and technological nature as attracts interest of other states, each state wants to reach the same good level therefore it is necessary to cooperate and adopt each other experience. Their number includes also Kazakhstan which headed for industrial and innovative development of economy and started strategy implementation of entry into number of 50 most competitive countries of the world. Today for republic economy important value has the accelerated development of technological and scientific and technical spheres for the purpose of creation of effective, competitive productions. Considering the above, in article the bias on certain aspects was made: to study the Kazakhstan Japanese relations, their history, a political, economic and cultural and humanitarian cooperation, studying of literature on these aspects as Kazakhstan doesn't lag behind and develops the industrial potential, and of course doesn't disregard development of innovative technologies.
The history of the international relations between the Republic of Kazakhstan and Japan begins in 1991 when Japan, one of the first countries of the world, recognized independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Practically in a month the young republic and the oldest empire established diplomatic relations.
The foundation for bilateral political dialogue was laid by a visit to Kazakhstan of the Deputy prime minister – the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan M. Vatanbe in May, 1992, and in April, 1994 the president of the Republic of Kazakhstan
N. Nazarbayev made an official visit to Japan. In Astana and Almaty there are already Japanese Embassies which ambassador is M. Kamokhara. And in Japan the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan is only in one capital city of Tokyo, and the official representative of Kazakhstan here since 2007 is A. Kamaldinov.
As basic agreements between these governments the Convention on avoidance of double taxation and prevention from its evasion (2009), the Interstate agreement on mutual protection and encouragement of investments (2015), Mezhpraviteltelstvenny agreements on a technical cooperation, on peaceful use of an atomic energy, etc. served.
In the 2000th years numerous visits and meetings both between heads of states, and between prime ministers and Ministers of Foreign Affairs were made. Visits took place not only in the territory of Japan and the Republic of Kazakhstan, but also the friend the countries. For example, to the USA (Washington) there took place the Global summit on nuclear safety in 2010, in 2013, in Russia (St. Petersburg), and in 2014, in Italy (Milan), N. Nazarbayev held negotiations with the prime minister of Japan S. Abe.
Within 10 years, during the period from 2005 to 2015, inflow of direct Japanese investments to Kazakhstan constituted nearly 5 billion dollars. Some Japanese corporations, such as Marubeni and "NYK Line", perform the activities in the territory of the Western Kazakhstan, for example, in the cities of Atyrau and Aktau. In the Central Kazakhstan, namely in the Karaganda region, the Itochu corporation in 2015 began to build the mining and metallurgical dobyvayushche-overworking plant on volframmolibdenovy ores on the field Koktenkol.
The cultural and humanitarian cooperation is an important factor of the Kazakhstan-Japanese relations. So, we know that during the visit to Tokyo, the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. A. Nazarbayev handed to the Prime minister of Japan M. Hosokava "The book of memory" with lists of the Japanese prisoners of war who died in the territory of Kazakhstan. Through JICA the Government of Japan provided 7 cultural grants in the form of supply of equipment for the Almaty State University, the State Academic opera and ballet theater of Abay, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, the Almaty State conservatory of Kurmangaza and the Kazakh academy of music.
Japan acted as the coauthor of the General Assembly resolution on the Semipalatinsk region and acted as the initiator of carrying out in Tokyo in September, 1999 of the international conference on problems of the former Semipalatinsk Test Site. In the spring of 2000 the Japanese Government made the decision on non-paid allocation of 6 mln. dollars on delivery of the medical equipment to this region. With the Japanese side active dialogue according to the problem resolution of consequences of nuclear testing for the territories of Kazakhstan is adjusted. Signing in March, 1998 became recognition of a contribution of our country to radiological medicine. Contracts on a scientific cooperation between the Semipalatinsk medical academy and University of Nagasaki, and also delivery of a prestigious award of Nagasaki "Memorial of the world of doctor Nagai (Nagai's Award)" to the academician S. Balmukhanov, director of Institute of oncology and radiology, i.e. Japan gave very strong support to Kazakhstan as for Kazakhs it was tragic as well as for Japanese of an event with Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Kazakhstan is regularly visited by experts of Nagasaki and Hiroshima for the purpose of studying of problems in the region of the former Semipalatinsk Test Site. In 1999 the teleconference of Nagasaki (Medical university) – Semipalatinsk (Medical academy) – Tokyo (Embassy of RK) with the presentation of the equipment donated by the Government of Japan to the Semipalatinsk medical academy allowing to carry out diagnostics of the Kazakhstan patients by means of satellite communication in laboratories of Nagasaki University was organized.
25 years of a mutual cooperation of Kazakhstan with Japan, have very much a positive impact on the political and economic relations, in the sphere of innovative technologies. 25 years ago Japan, one of the first, recognized independence of the former Soviet republic, as affected a further cooperation. Japan showed an initiative to Kazakhstan, thereby having received complete reciprocity from Kazakhstan. Today between Japan and Kazakhstan negotiations are conducted and a number of projects is implemented. In October, 2016 the visit of Premieres - the Minister of Japan to Kazakhstan took place, and from November 6 to November 9 the President of Kazakhstan made an official visit to Japan.
For Japan Kazakhstan not only the country with a peacekeeping mission for which world peace is important, a special question - a bilateral cooperation. From the point of view of the Kazakhstan-Japanese cooperation, big prospects in new economic conditions are observed. On world business indicators Kazakhstan in the same row with high-growth Japan. Negotiations between Kazakhstan and Japan always made an essential contribution to strengthening of a bilateral cooperation. This time in Tokyo there was a meeting not only top-level, but also a meeting of impressive Kazakhstan delegation with heads of large business of Japan. The official visit of N. Nazarbayev not only guaranteed profitable agreements and contracts, but also strengthened friendly relations of two states.