Ôèëîñîôèÿ. Ôèëîñîôèÿ ëèòåðàòóðû è èñêóññòâà
Ñòóäåíò Ñåðäþê À.
Íàó÷íûé ðóêîâîäèòåëü: àññèñòåíò êàôåäðû èíîñòðàííûõ ÿçûêîâ
Àíèñèìîâà Ñâåòëàíà Àíàòîëüåâíà
Äîíåöêèé íàöèîíàëüíûé óíèâåðñèòåò ýêîíîìèêè è òîðãîâëè èìåíè
Ìèõàèëà Òóãàí - Áàðàíîâñêîãî, Óêðàèíà
The Kipling’s Monitions
We know Rudyard Kipling as a child writer. But he is also a poet who is known as an author of famous poems. I want to analyse some of them. This poem author named "IF". Minority of us acquainted with Kipling's talent of philosopher. In this poem author touches the important questions of human existence and offers his advises about life, based on his experience. In his views possible is influence of East, where author lived for some years. This work is written by ordinary form that is easy for the reading.
“If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you,
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too….”
We would preserve tranquility of brain in conditions when the environment dropped into the social madness under the influence of any circumstances. Agreement to the general moving of crowd means to become the voluntary slave of it. The flock that itself situated under the guidance of shepherd is dangerous beast that can terminate everybody. In addition the supposed nobleness of shepherd and his aims, methods of theirs obtain is doubt.
That is we need ourselves to try evaluation current conditions, attempting to correct our positions in the society, harmonizing them to the corresponding to our life's views. The self - confidence is very important thing, having influence on self - development. But it is necessary to find definite middle between the absolute alienating and worshiping to the crowd's opinion. Harmonizing the evaluation of personal and public opinions about any subjects we can find the correct way for the self - development. Without regarding of the critical opinion the self - development is finished without success. But the excessive yielding to the environment's opinion also is not promotes for the success. The skillfulness to obtain the right middle is difficult, but necessary thing.
“…If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or being lied about, don't deal in lies,
Or being hated, don't give way to hating,
And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise….”
Author teaches us for the skillfulness to wait. I understand it as ability which does not hasten events. We must act under influence real necessary to meddle in action, but not under outburst of any factors. The lie and hating what existence in the world birth themselves, multiplication by definite persons under the influence circumstances when there are not forces to bar them. If we have ability to prevent for the dissemination of lie and hating – it would be mean to interrupt these unseemly chains and appearance of stipulations for the decision of difficult questions by right way.
What is wise? We treat to it by various ways. That what we are calling now as wise, then would seem as foolish and vise versa. Author advises not overemphasize own – wise, that then may be just any level outlook’s development but not absolute true. “To look too good and talk too wise” – it means challenging to environment and openly to pretend for self – absolute. If under the exterior distinction the interior fillings are absent – it seems strangely. Exaggerate wise in talking also is alienating to society. “Don’t tell that you are clever, because you will meet somebody cleverer than you”. The tranquility in conversations is mark of wise, but not using wise words.
“…If you can dream – and not make dreams your master;
If you can think – and not mare thoughts your aim;
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
And treat those two impostors just the same;”
Kipling warns us even the truth sometime may be applying for the lie by unseemly men. We must have force and will – power strongly suffers a defeat and bear down it to rebuild all that had broken. “Worn out tools” – generally is the self – will that must not depend on environment. We ourselves possess by them and must use them rightly.
“…If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch – and – toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings
And never breathe a word about your loss;”
In communication with correspond of low society and high society we must apply special ways of behaving, harmonizing these contacts with them. This harmonization the author understands as keeping the virtue (the mark of noble or high society) contacting as a part of low – society, and share himself as a part of low – society intercoursing with high society.
“…If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run,
Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,
And – which is more – you’ll be a Man, my son!”
Communication with enemies and friends is not constant situation. A hurt we may get as from foes as from friends. Author consults to get ready for the hurts from various persons and be preparing to receive them strongly.
All men influence each other, but this process must not be too powerful for not pressing personal way self – development.
Finishing his rime author tells about possessing the Earth. I comprehend it not so as brutal own of Earth but as proposal to consider the planet by the part of himself and participating its problems.
Grade of benefit of these advises every reader appreciates coordinating with his own views. I arrived at conclusion that there’s no doubt whatever that in any case the use of this poem for the new generation’s education presents.