SPECIFIСITY OF PREPARATION OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF PHYSICAL CULTURE IN UKRAINE AS COORDINATORS OF INCLUSIVE TEACHING
AbstractAt the present stage of formation of the system of higher education in Ukraine, training of future specialists in physical culture, education and sports is carried out in three specialties: 014 Secondary education (Physical culture); 017 Physical culture and sports; 016 Special education. Here is an example of a "basic" list of specialties of a pedagogical institution of higher education. Almost all institutions of higher education in Ukraine are trained specialists in the specialty – 017 Physical culture and sports. During their studying, graduates of this educational program receive a bachelor's degree and a professional qualification "Specialist in Physical Culture and Sports" by specializations "Coaching in the chosen sport" or "Fitness and recreation" or "Tourism". Specialists who have a bachelor's degree can enter a master's degree in 017 Physical Culture and Sports. Under the conditions of study for the master's program (1 year and 4 months), graduates will receive a master's degree and qualification: "Coach-teacher of the chosen sport. Teacher of physical education". Also recruitment is carried out in the specialty 014 "Secondary Education" (Physical Education) by specializations "Physical Education in a Special Educational Institution" and "Methods of Sports and Mass Work". On the basis of complete secondary education for 3 years and 10 months of study, graduates of the institute receive a bachelor's degree and a qualification "Teacher of physical culture". Specialists who have a bachelor's degree can enter a master's degree in specialty 014 "Secondary Education" (Physical Education) and obtain a master's degree and qualification: "Lecturer of physical education. Teacher of physical culture". On the basis of complete secondary education, training is carried out in the specialty 016 "Special education", specialization "Primary education of children with severe speech disorders". After graduation, graduates receive a bachelor's degree and qualification: "Teacher-defectologist. Educator of children with mental and physical disabilities, assistant teacher of a secondary school with inclusive and integrated teaching". Specialists with a bachelor's degree can enter a master's degree in specialty 016 "Special Education" and receive a master's degree and qualification: "Teacher-speech therapist. Teacher of correctional pedagogy (speech therapy). Primary school teacher for children with severe speech disorders." As you can see, the training of a physical education teacher is carried out directly within the specialty 014 Secondary education (physical culture). However, the preparation of a teacher's assistant to work in an inclusive educational environment also covers the specialty 016 Special education. In our opinion, this situation is the result of unsystematic actions to develop regulations for the professional activities of educators, which have the main function – to preserve the health of the younger generation. This opinion can be confirmed by the fact that in different specialties the phrases "physical culture" and "physical education" are used in parallel, which leads to some confusion in terms of content: teacher of physical culture and, at the same time, a lecturer of physical education. In the context of the analysis of the regulatory framework, the key point for us is that at the level of state documents the concepts of "physical culture" and "physical education" are presented separately, such as: physical culture – a field of activity related to the use of physical activity for physical and intellectual development of a person, healthy lifestyle, health promotion and organization of meaningful leisure by means of physical education of various groups and mass sports; physical education – a part of physical culture associated with the process of educating a person, the acquisition of relevant knowledge and skills to use physical activity for comprehensive development, rehabilitation and readiness for active participation in public life and professional activities. First of all, we will present our understanding of the concept of "physical culture" and, accordingly, "teacher of physical education ".
How to Cite
Olha, H., Natalia, S., & Irina, O. (2020). SPECIFIСITY OF PREPARATION OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF PHYSICAL CULTURE IN UKRAINE AS COORDINATORS OF INCLUSIVE TEACHING. Pridneprovskiy Scientific Bulletin, 33(689). Retrieved from http://www.rusnauka.com/index.php/rusnauka/article/view/165