Production and technique of the left hand on the Kazakh kyl-kobyz, Kyrgyz kyyak, Karakalpak kobyz
AbstractThis article is devoted to different types of staging of the Kazakh Kylobyl kobyz, Karakalpaks kobuz, Kyrgyz Kylkiyak and the left-hand technique on these instruments. Key words: kobyz, kylkobyz, kiyak, kylkiyak, kobuz. This article is dedicated to the technique of playing Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Karakalpak kobyz (In this article the term «kobyz» denotes the kylkobyz instrument), kiyak, kobuz instruments (Two stringed kobyz, kayak, kobuz instruments) sitting cross-legged, on a chair and the technique of pressing strings with left hand fingers. These nations have different methods of pressing the strings of the instruments from kobyz family. Specifically, Kyrgyz performers play kiyak pressing its strings with the inner side of fingers (main method of pressing strings) and pressing the two strings in the third position. Karakalpak zhyraus use two strings equally with index (first) finger and middle (second) finger, i.e., they push the lower string with a nail and press the upper string with soft fingertip. And with the ring (third) and little finger (fourth), they push the lower string with the soft fingertip, and press the upper string with the inner side of finger (main method of pressing strings). This enables the performer to draw two overtone sounds. When playing the upper string individually, it is pressed with the soft fingertip. Kazakh nation uses the method of pushing the string with the nail as the main method of pressing the string. Pushing the string with a soft fingertip (D.Myktybaev pushes the upper string with a nail, the lower string with a soft fingertip), pressing the string (S.Umbetbaev presses the upper string with a soft fingertip), holding the string – these methods are performed with certain fingers and are rarely used. This article was written with a view to scientifically determine the influence of the methods of holding the instruments of kobyz family preserved by Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Karakalpak peoples on the abovementioned techniques of pressing the strings and their interconnection.
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